New year new laws, here are some of the most controversial 2014 laws.
Choose Sex Restroom
California is making history by becoming the first state to allow transgender students to choose which restroom to use.
CALIFORNIA: It becomes the first state to give specific rights to transgender students starting in January unless opponents seeking to overturn the law show they have gathered enough petition signatures to put a referendum on the ballot. California will let transgender students choose which restroom to use and whether to play on boys’ or girls’ sports teams. Critics say the law violates the privacy of other students.
Placenta to go
In Oregon, mothers can take home their placentas from the hospital. Some health experts believe that ingesting the placenta has health benefits that include balancing hormones, boosting milk production and replenishing lost nutrients after childbirth.
Paparazzi and Children don’t Mix
In California, photographers who harass celebrities and their children face tougher penalties under a law backed by actresses Halle Berry and Jennifer Garner, who testified in favor of it. Berry told lawmakers her daughter had been intimidated by aggressive photographers who followed them daily. Taking photos and video of a child without consent and in a harassing manner could cost that individual up to a year in county jail and a fine of up to $10,000. They also can be sued for damages and attorney’s fees under the new law, which media organizations opposed. Supporters said it also will help protect the children of police officers, judges and others who might be targets because of their parents’ occupations.
Safer schools with New GUNS Law
In Connecticut, Guns that are considered assault weapons and large-capacity ammunition magazines that haven’t been registered with Connecticut authorities will be considered illegal contraband as of Jan. 1. The law was passed in April in response to the massacre that left 26 people dead at Newtown’s Sandy Hook Elementary School.
NEW YORK: The state’s new gun law, passed shortly after the Sandy Hook shooting, already banned high-capacity magazines and the purchase or sale of popular AR-15 semi-automatic rifles. By April 15, New York will also require registration of weapons now classified as assault weapons by owners who bought the guns when they were legal.
Minimum Wage Increases
Workers in 13 states will benefit from minimum wage increases. Lawmakers in New York, Connecticut, New Jersey and Rhode Island voted for increases that start the first day of 2014, while California’s $1.00 increase will take effect in July. Workers in Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Missouri, Montana, Ohio, Oregon, Vermont and Washington will also get wage increases
OHIO: The minimum wage for untipped employees rises from $7.85 to $7.95 an hour, while tipped employees will go from $3.93 to $3.98 an hour, plus tips.
CALIFORNIA: The minimum wage is being boosted to $9 an hour starting in July, the first of two dollar-an-hour boosts that will push the base minimum wage to $10 by 2016, making it one of the nation’s highest minimums. Under another bill, domestic workers will have to be paid time and a half if they work more than nine hours in a day or more than 45 hours in a week; baby sitters are exempt
ALCOHOL AND MARIJUANA
COLORADO, MAINE AND WASHINGTON: Colorado pot stores open Jan. 1 as retailers usher in the nation’s first legal recreational pot industry. Sales in Washington, which also legalized recreational marijuana, are expected to start later in the year. The laws still fly in the face of federal drug rules, but the federal government has said it’s not going to fight to shut down pot shops — for now. A law legalizing recreational marijuana went into effect in early December in Portland, Maine, but it’s largely symbolic because the state has said it will continue to enforce its own ban.
ILLINOIS: It becomes the 20th state to legalize medical marijuana in a pilot project with some of the strictest standards in the nation. However, it may take more than a year to actually buy marijuana as separate state agencies draft rules that must be approved by a legislative committee.
WISCONSIN: Towns and cities may legalize pedal pubs, multiple-person bicycles that ferry riders to and from taverns. A driver steers while multiple riders sit at a bar mounted behind the driver, each passenger with his or her own pedal-and-chain assembly.
For more New 2014 laws check the source: http://www.nbcbayarea.com/news/national-international/Pot-Guns-Paparazzi-New-Laws-Run-Gamut-in-US-237955001.html#ixzz2p4UhCikz
Founder of Latina Mom TV